Our main crop is the Black Soldier Fly. Scroll down to learn more about the life cycle, nutritional value, and uses of this amazing bug.
What is the Black Soldier Fly?
The Black Soldier Fly (BSF) is a species of fly native to Singapore. It does not bite, sting, or bother people. You can find it in the forest, away from human homes.
BSF Larvae are voracious eaters - they can eat almost anything. With a phenomenal bioconversion rate, the BSF Larvae can grow a few thousand times their size in a few days.
High in proteins and good fats, the BSF Larvae are an excellent animal feed. They can be fed live, dried, or ground in a meal used for pelleting. They have applications in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical, and waste treatment industries too.
BSF Larvae are the next source of sustainable nutrition. Our BSF larvae upcycle Singapore's food waste that would have been otherwise incinerated. They are grown in a small space, extremely quickly, and in a very carbon-efficient manner.
The BSF Life Cycle
Adult (1-3 weeks)
Females lay about 600-800 eggs. Without mouth-parts, adults don't feed, Meaning they do not hop from food source to food source passing communicable diseases to humans.
Pupae (1 week)
After eating, the larvae turn into pupae, where they slow down and prepare for their metamorphosis into adult flies.
Eggs (4 days)
The eggs hatch after four days once they have been laid in a dry, safe space, Adults are attracted to the smell of their larvae and lay close by.
Larvae (2 weeks)
At this stage, the larvae are voracious eaters. They devour food waste with amazing efficiency, converting it into body mass and leaving behind a rich fertilizer
Black Soldier Fly Larvae are excellent feed for our furry, feathered, and scaled friends. Natural and nutritious, our research and development team work actively to develop various marketable products to make feeding our pets more sustainable.
Our Black Soldier Fly Larvae can be processed to feed many kinds of livestock. Their high protein content makes it an excellent alternative to many ingredients in commercial feeds. Naturally high in anti-microbial compounds, our larvae have the potential to reduce antibiotic use in the livestock industry.
During the bio-conversion process, fly larvae leave behind rich, organic material called frass that is great for crops and plants. These can be sold as a soil conditioner or natural fertilizer. It is a great alternative to chemical fertilizers that degrade soil quality over time and harms ecosystems.
Our insects are rich in fat, oils, and proteins that can be extracted for ingredients for pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Their bodies contain chitin, which can be refined into novel bio-materials and resources for the pharmaceutical industry.
Black Soldier Fly FAQs
Get your burning questions answered about the Black Soldier Fly's status in Singapore, care information, and lots of other facts here!
Q: What is Insectta?
A: Insectta is Singapore's first black soldier fly farm. We are fully licensed by AVA to rear the BSF for feed. Our BSF Larvae are raised on 100% plant-based, batch-traceable, recycled feed. We have extensive biosecurity and hygiene measures in line with Singapore's stringent standards.
Q: Do you conduct farm tours/visits?
A: At the moment, our farm is not open for public tours. However, we do conduct educational workshops and talks for members of the public. If you would like us to buzz over to your school, office, or event, contact us at
Q: Why haven't I seen the BSF around in Singapore before?
A: The native BSF prefers forested areas, away from human beings. As adults they do not feed, and thus do not come into homes or bother people.
Q: Why are biosecurity measures needed when the BSF is native to Singapore?
A: While the BSF is native to Singapore, their numbers are extensively kept in check by predators in the wild. Farming or rearing the BSF in a controlled environment allows them to thrive in numbers unnatural to the ecosystem. Releasing large numbers of BSF into the wild causes environmental imbalances and is a potential nuisance in our urban environment. Insectta takes great measures to keep our facility biosecure
Q: Can I use BSF for composting at home?
A: While the BSF are excellent decomposers, we do not recommend them as home composters due to:
- Their complex life cycle that requires specialised management
- The negative impact on the local eco-system if proper biosecurity measures are not taken
- The potential to be nuisances to neighbours.
- Regulations by AVA and NEA disallowing the rearing of BSF by non-licensed parties
Q: What pet animals eat BSF?
A: BSF Larvae are readily eaten by virtually all insectivorous pets. This includes songbirds, poultry, and insectivorous fish. High in protein and beneficial omega 6 & 9 fatty acids, BSF can boost your pet's health.
Q: How do I store my BSF Larvae?
A: Please store them in a dark, cool, and dry environment. Keep them ventilated as they are living creatures that need oxygen.
Q: How long can I keep my BSF Larvae?
A: The shelf life of small BSF larvae is between 1-2 weeks, while the shelf-life of large BSF larvae is between 5-7days.
Q: Why are my BSF Larvae turning black?
A: Your BSF larvae have begun to pupate (turn into cocoons) and are reaching the end of their shelf-life. Please use the larvae as soon as possible
Q: What is the residue amongst my BSF Larvae?
A: Your BSF Larvae box may contain trace residue of the food we feed the BSF. It is 100% plant-based and obtained from clean sources. Some odor may result due to fermentation but is otherwise safe to use.
Q: Why are my BSF Larvae warm?
A: Like us, BSF Larvae produce body heat! Please store them in a cool, dark, and ventilated area so they do not overheat.
Q: My BSF Larvae have turned into flies!
A: Please DO NOT release the flies into the wild. You may humanely put them down by placing them in the freezer. Please ensure all the BSF Larvae are used before they turn into flies.